Maples, plants in the genus Acer, are among the loveliest of trees, and Washington has three outstanding species: big-leaf maple, vine maple and Douglas maple are all valued ornamentals, but each has a situation in which it shines. If you live in the Pacific Northwest, specifically Oregon, this is a killer guide: https://oregonstate.edu/trees/dichotomous_key/index.html, I HIGHLY recommend this book by OSU. General Natural Range: British Columbia to Southern California. Tree Leaf Identification By Leaf And Size. Very large. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Big leaf maple can grow 9 feet in a single year and it can live as long as 300 years. If the leaflets are arranged in rows up along a single center vein, it is a pinnately compound leaf. For a large shade tree, choose the big-leaf maple. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, large maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple, is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. At maturity, they can grow to about 100 feet tall with a spread of about 50 feet. The wood has been used to make piano frames and the tree can be tapped for maple … In the Landscape: Although this tree may be too big for a small yard, it is impressive in larger yards and parks.  It effectively creates a shady and cool environment beneath its leafy branches, an ideal place for a picnic on a hot, summer day.  In fall, the leaves turn yellow, turning brown after falling, creating a carpet of large, brown leaves persisting through the winter. From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. Although the silver maple‘s … Xyllela fastidiosa is transmitted from diseased to healthy plants by insects with piercing and sucking mouthparts. Compared with a simple leaf, the little leaves that make up a compound leaf are called leaflets and can be arranged in one of two ways: pinnately or palmately. Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. Long leaf stalk with milky sap. about the bigleaf maple dieback issue, has raised awareness of another pathogen affecting bigleaf maple in California. Maple Leaf Images Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color. Leaves are the most reliable way to identify a tree, since they’re found on or beneath the tree all year round, as opposed to the flowers and fruit that often only appear for a few … Wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is occasionally found in wetlands. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. Botanical name: Acer … Dmitri Kotchetov/EyeEm/Getty Images. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Rot Resistance: Being that the sapwood of maple is used, and not the heartwood, it is non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Common Name(s): Bigleaf maple, Oregon maple, Distribution: Coastal regions of Pacific North America, Average Dried Weight: 34.0 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .44, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 10,700 lbf/in2 (73.8 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,450,000 lbf/in2 (10.00 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,950 lbf/in2 (41.0 MPa). Identical or Nearly Identical Species: Red maple and other soft maples. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Species Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need to identify the right specie. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Acer monspessulanum. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous to numerous; heartwood deposits sometimes present. Maple tolerates moisture stress as low as -20 bars (-2 MPa, nocturnal), which is a low value for broadleaved deciduous trees. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Primarily a coastal species. The leaf margin is serrate and the petiole is often longer than the leaf … It is one of the most common trees in the United States.. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Bigleaf maple is more or less indistinguishable from other soft maples such as red maple (Acer rubrum), however, it can usually be separated from hard maple (A. saccharum) not only on the basis of weight, but also ray width. Habitat: Although Big-Leaf Maple will grow on drier sites, it is often found along stream banks and does best on similarly moist sites—its leaves will grow bigger and more impressive when growing in moist, shady areas. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. The petiole can be to 5 cm (2 in) long. The leaves of hard maple are a dark green with a lighter green on the underside. At maturity, they can grow to about 100 feet tall with a spread of about 50 feet. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Crataegus mollis. Uses: Burls. ©J.S. The easiest way to tell these species apart using the leaves is to break a leaf off the twig. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. It is 3-6 cm (2.2-2.4 in) long and 3-7 cm (1.3-2.8 in) broad. Find out about some of the most popular maple tree varieties in this article. Italian Maple. Tree Identification Field Guide. Botanical name: Acer monspessulanum and they have an opposite leaf arrangement.Other trees with "maple-like" leaves—the sycamore, sweetgum, and yellow-poplar—have leaves that are alternate in arrangement. The Bigleaf Maple. The autumn color is yellow to red. Catalpa ovata. The tree stands apart in its identification due to its distinctly shaped and arranged leaves. Leaf: Opposite, 3 or 5 lobed. Bigleaf maple has the largest leaves of any North American maple [], ranging from 4 to 10 inches (10-25 cm) across [99,138].Trees in western Oregon had a mean area of 43 inches² (280 cm²)/leaf [].Male and female flowers are clustered on the same raceme [99,138,146]. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. It is considered to be in the grouping of soft maples , and its wood is lighter, softer, and weaker than that of hard maple. They can be gathered from low branches or from the forest floor after a windstorm. The leaves are lobed round and symmetrical. Being outside while getting to know trees is one of the best ways to experience nature. Big-Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) is the grande dame of the maple family. Fall color is greenish yellow, vibrant scarlet or burgundy. Size is an important consideration when identifying maple leaves. The lamina, or the leaf blade, is the flat area where photosynthesis occurs, while the petiole is the stalk that connects the lamina to the stem. Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide.  Most are from eastern Asia.  North America is home to about a dozen.  Maples are popular ornamental trees and there are many cultivated varieties.  We have three native maple species in the Pacific Northwest:  Big-Leaf Maple and two more shrubby cousins, Vine Maple, Acer circinatum, and Douglas Maple, Acer glabrum. Propagation:  Seeds do not store well. Species Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need to identify the right specie. As you can see by the (correct) drawing, bigleaf maple leaves are more deeply incised. A typical maple tree leave has 3 to 9 veins in each leading to a lobe. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. Each leaf on this deciduous tree can be up to two feet wide! Downy Hawthorn. They are discernable by their opposite leaf arrangement and their veined and lobed. Palmately lobed (5 lobes) with the central lobe having a distinct "waist." The autumn colours is orange to red. Tree Leaf Identification By Leaf And Size. Size: Grows to 100' tall and 4' in diameter. Samaras are also distinctive. Types of Acer Maple Trees Lumber and veneer especially when figured grain is present. United States, CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum. Bigleaf maple can grow on relatively hot, dry areas, such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon. Licorice Fern and Mosses on Big Leaf Maple. Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm).  In the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters emerge before or with the leaves.  The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or “helicopter seeds” of maple trees. Bigleaf maple is known for its (occasional) quilted grain patterns. Big-Leaf Maple                                                                                The Maple Family–Aceraceae. Allergies/Toxicity: Bigleaf maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects. Watch video of wood finish being applied. Large Leaved American Lime. Acer cissifolium. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. The major maples have leaves that are divided into three to five lobes. It is 3-6 cm (2.2-2.4 in) long and 3-7 cm (1.3-2.8 in) broad. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Salix hookeriana . A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Bigleaf maple tends to have more uniform medium-width rays, while hard maple has a greater range of wide and narrow rays. When you see a tree covered with moss, you can be pretty sure it is probably a Big-Leaf Maple!  As the moss-layer thickens and begins to decompose enough soil is sometimes created for tree seedlings to germinate. The leaf of montpellier maple is small and three-lobed. Leaf: Bud: Seed: 1: Acer campestre Hedge maple: 2: Acer circinatum Vine maple: 3: Acer ginnala Amur maple: 4: Acer glabrum Rocky mountain maple ... Silver maple: 15: Acer saccharum Sugar maple: Return to Hort 231 or to Plant List 4. Acer palmatum, commonly known as Japanese maple, palmate maple, or smooth Japanese maple (Japanese: irohamomiji, イロハモミジ, or momiji, 紅葉), is a species of woody plant native to Japan, Korea, China, eastern Mongolia, and southeast Russia. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Long leaf stalk with milky sap. The leaf of a bigleaf maple lives up to the tree’s name, possessing in some instances a width of 1 foot. Twigs, leaves and buds all help with ID. Maple tree Gallery consists of two pages of maple tree images with an impressive maple tree photos page.. Tree Photo galleries on the left give you info about those different tree species, facts on the tree type and lots of great pictures of that tree.. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Native to North America, boxelder (Acer negundo) trees are fast-growing, drought-resistant maple trees that produce minimal maple.These trees are also called box elder trees, ash-leaved maple and Manitoba maple. When in full bloom, maple flowers should have a subtle but pleasant fragrance and sweet taste from their prolific nectar. The leaves fall in November. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. Big leaf Maple in Fall is usually yellow, but sometimes tinged with orange. Here are a couple more Mayapple leaves. The flowers are harvested in spring when they are budding on the tip and fully open at the base of the flower cluster. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. This tree is a key feature on the town green. Compared with a simple leaf, the little leaves that make up a compound leaf are called leaflets and can be arranged in one of two ways: pinnately or palmately. Use by Wildlife: The seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf Maple are a favorite food of many small mammals and birds.  Douglas squirrels will cache the seeds.  Flower clusters are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels.  Deer and small mammals eat seedlings and saplings. While most of the species are native to Asia, quite a large number of them also grow in Europe, North America, and northern Africa. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Hope this is … For a maple tree with large leaves, the big leaf maple fits the bill. The wood has been used to make piano frames and the tree can be tapped for maple syrup. Dune Willow. Downy Japanese Maple. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. The color is glossy dark green. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. Uses: Burls. I keep it with me in my car wherever I travel. That brings up a very relevant question: is there any place on the web for references on leaf/flower/general shape of any and all of these no doubt magnificent trees? Literally speaking, Birdseye Maple Wood refers to figure rather than specie.However, for all practical purposes, 95% of birdseye figure is found in Hard Maple lumber.Birdseye figure is occasionally found in Red Leaf Maple and Big Leaf Western Maple. As the common name claims, the leaves of this species are big. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Big-Leaf Maple branches are often draped with mosses. The major maples have leaves that are divided into three to five lobes. Dmitri Kotchetov/EyeEm/Getty Images. Yellow Catalpa. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in nutrients. Distribution of Big-leaf Maple from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. Thanks for your question. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Vine-leafed Maple. While most of the species are native to Asia, quite a large number of them also grow in Europe, North America, and northern Africa. The leaf shapes mentioned in this identification guide also apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, and bushes. If the leaflets are arranged in rows up along a single center vein, it is a pinnately compound leaf. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Soft maple Scientific Name: Acer macrophyllum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays are wider than pores. A typical maple tree leave has 3 to 9 veins in each leading to a lobe. I have not found any so far. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow … The isingle leaves are irregularly lobed. Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Workability: Fairly easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Its leaves seem quite unique with their peltate attachment of the leaf to the stem.