The full name of Marcus Aurelius is Marcus Aurelius Antoninus.He was born on 26 April 121 in Rome during the reign of Hadrian. Verus oversaw the war effort while Aurelius stayed in Rome. Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar turned the Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire. T he Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus was the last famous Stoic philosopher of antiquity. AKA Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus. His serious and hard-working nature was even noticed by Emperor Hadrian. From 167 to his death, Marcus Aurelius personally commanded legions near the Danube, trying, with only partial success, to control the advance of Germanic peoples across the river. Birthplace: Rome, Italy Location of death: Vindobona Cause of death: unspec. A major offensive against the Marcomanni was postponed to 169 because of a shortage of imperial troops. In 175 CE, his general Cassius rebelled in Syria, proclaiming himself emperor, before he was assassinated by a subordinate. - Marcus Aurelius quotes from "Death is a release from the impressions of the senses, and from desires that make us their puppets, and from the vagaries of the mind, and from the hard service of the flesh." After raising the necessary funds and troops, Aurelius and Verus went off to fight the invaders. Instead, Aurelius toured eastern provinces with his wife, re-establishing his authority. In 177 Lucius was made coruler and heir to his father, the emperor Marcus Aurelius (reigned 161–180). Marcus Aurelius, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 161 ce) Marcus Annius Verus, (born April 26, 121 ce, Rome [Italy]—died March 17, 180, Vindobona [Vienna, Austria] or Sirmium, Pannonia), Roman emperor (161–180 ce), best known for his Meditations on Stoic philosophy. After his earlier choice for a successor died, Hadrian adopted Titus Aurelius Antoninus (who would be known as Emperor Pius Antonius) to succeed him as an emperor. Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II tried to strengthen the Habsburg empire with his enlightened reforms, but the changes he made were met with fierce opposition. Nero had capped his crimes by murdering his mother and had made himself ridiculous in the eyes of the people. This is an inspirational quote by … When a man holds absolute power, it is difficult for him to control his desires. We won't send you spam. The ruler who emplants in the hearts of his subjects not fear resulting from cruelty, but love occasioned by kindness, is most likely to complete his reign safely. But if you give my son proper advice in such matters and constantly remind him of what he has heard here, you will make him the best of emperors for yourselves and for all, and you will be paying the greatest tribute to my memory. For it is not those who submit from necessity but those who are persuaded to obedience who continue to serve and to suffer without suspicion and without pretense of flattery. Download the whole book free of charge. Talking about last years of the emperor, from 170 to 175, Faustina accompained Marcus Aurelius on campaigns and went with him to Syria, Egypt, and Greece. He ruled for almost two decades till his death in 180 AD. His son Commodus later became co-ruler in 177, only three years before Aurelius died on March 17, 180. Realize this, and you will find strength.” … He was born into a wealthy and politically prominent family. Unfortunately, Faustina died during this trip. As the years passed, he received more responsibilities and official powers, evolving into a strong source of support and counsel for Antoninus. A collection of his thoughts have been published in a work called The Meditations. All cried out in a swelling chorus, calling him “Kind Father,” “Noble Emperor,” “Brave General,” and “Wise, Moderate Ruler,” and every man spoke the truth. Marcus informed them of his plan to capture Cassius, but not kill him. Aurelius also continued his philosophical studies and developed an interest in law. If it is not right do not do it; if it is not true do not say it. I think, however, that an even stronger bond of affection exists between you and me; in return for the favors I have done you, I have a reasonable right to expect your reciprocal good will. No amount of money is large enough to compensate for a tyrant’s excesses, nor is the protection of his bodyguards enough to shield the ruler who does not possess the good will of his subjects. “When you wake up in the morning, tell yourself: The people I deal with today will be meddling, … Faustina accompanied Aurelius on campaigns 170-175 CE and went with him to Syria, Egypt, and Greece. He had not yet forced all these tribes to submit; some he had won to an alliance by persuasion; others he had conquered by force of arms. They would march against Cassius and obtain the “great prize of war and of victory.” But of course, because it was Marcus, this war prize was something wholly different. But he did not have to fight Cassius as he was murdered by his own soldiers. The two committed suicide after their defeat by Octavian. When the emperor suspected that there was little hope of his recovery, and realized that his son would become emperor while still very young, he was afraid that the undisciplined youth, deprived of parental advice, might neglect his excellent studies and good habits and turn to drinking and debauchery (for the minds of the young, prone to pleasures, are turned very easily from the virtues of education) when he had absolute and unrestrained power. When the news of his death was made public, the whole army in Pannonia and the common people as well were grief-stricken; indeed, no one in the Roman empire received the report without weeping. I fear that he, tossed to and fro by his lack of knowledge of what he needs to know, may be dashed to pieces on the rocks of evil practices. “It is not death that a man should fear, but he should fear never beginning to live.” ~ Marcus Aurelius, Marcus Aurelius quotes on death “The impediment to action advances action. He was the tenth of fourteen children and the only son to survive - his twin brother Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius died at the age of four. Sign up today for our free email course on the Stoic Handbook. His son Commodus became emperor and soon ended the northern military efforts. The exploits of Domitian, as well, were marked by excessive savagery. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (including Marcus) had obtained the throne through adoption. Quotes / by Marcus_Aurelius_Antoninus Roman Emperor, A.D. 161-180 (121 AD - 180 AD) • 39 quotes. If you are distressed by anything external, the pain is not due to the thing itself, but to your estimate of it; and this you have the power to revoke at any moment. During the last 14 years of his life he faced one of the worst plagues in European history. But his greatest intellectual interest was Stoicism, a philosophy that emphasized fate, reason and self-restraint. He killed his mother, persecuted Christians and is said to have "fiddled while Rome burned.". She died in the winter of 175 CE. Please try again. Below are some of the best Marcus Aurelius quotes to inspire you to create your own happiness and live your best life. He was later made governor of Syria. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Ptolemy, too, contrary to the laws of the Macedonians and Greeks, went so far as to marry his own sister. As Emperor of Rome from 161-180, Marcus Aurelius kept the empire safe from the Parthians and Germans but is best known for his intellectual pursuits. After living another night and day, Marcus died, leaving to men of his own time a legacy of regret; to future ages, an eternal memorial of excellence. Born: 26 April 121. Excerpt from Herodian of Antioch’s History of the Empire from the Death of Marcus. I'd like to receive the free email course. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Excerpt from Herodian of Antioch’s History of the Empire from the Death of Marcus. Aurelius even hoped to extend the empire’s borders through this conflict, but Aurelius didn't live long enough to see this vision to completion. And now is the proper time for me to discover that not in vain have I showered honor and esteem upon you for so long, and for you to return the favor by showing that you are not unmindful of the benefits you have received from me. Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) is best known as the Roman general who was a lover of Cleopatra. When you arise in the morning, think of what a precious privilege it is to be alive - to breathe, … Marcus Aurelius died on 17th March 180 AD. Marcus was even more distressed when he recalled events of recent date. The arrogance and violence of Alexander’s successors against their subject peoples had brought disgrace upon his empire. Known for his philosophical interests, Aurelius was one of the most respected emperors in Roman history. He married Faustina, the emperor’s daughter, in 145. Best known are their daughter Lucilla and their son Commodus. “About death: Whether it is a dispersion, or a resolution into atoms, or annihilation, it is either extinction or change.” —Marcus Aurelius Part of what makes death … In addition to being a unique Roman leader, Marcus Aurelius was also an accomplished historian and Stoic At this point Marcus suffered a severe fainting spell and sank back on his couch, exhausted by weakness and worry. Around the age of 17, Marcus Aurelius became the son of Antoninus. There were some who, although they had broken their pact with him, had returned to the alliance temporarily because of the fear occasioned by the presence of so great an emperor. Marcus Aurelius died on March 17, 180. After hearing a rumor about Aurelius being deathly ill, Avidius Cassius claimed the title of emperor for himself. Marcus Aurelius was chosen by Emporer Hadrian to be his eventual successor. Marcus Aurelius Quotes It is not death that a man should fear, but he should fear never beginning to live. Roman emperor and Stoic philosopher, born in Rome AD 121, the date of his birth being variously stated as the 6th, 21st and 26th of April. “You have power over your mind - not outside events. Discourses, written by a former slave and Stoic philosopher Epictetus, had a great deal of influence over Marcus Aurelius. Now check your email to confirm your subscription. His son Commodus became emperor and soon ended the northern military efforts. He wrote one of the biggest works of philosophy, Meditations, a collection of his thoughts and notes on life based on his Stoic beliefs. Time to disembark. Marcus Aurelius died on March 17, 180. After his adoptive father died in 161, Aurelius rose to power and was officially then known as Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus. His father’s name was Marcus Annius Verus who was his adoptive father. Here’s a collection of quotes detailing what he had to say on the subject. Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. Born in 121 CE and educated extensively in rhetoric and philosophy, Marcus Aurelius succeeded his adoptive father Antoninus Pius as Emperor of Rome in 161 CE and reigned until his own death in 180. However, although he was granted the name Augustus and the title imperator , and was elected Pontifex Maximus , Marcus appears to have taken these positions with some hesitation, having to be compelled to do so. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Marcus Brutus is best known for being a part of the assassination of Julius Caesar. Marcus Aurelius Roman Emperor In Power Mar. Marcus Aurelius also is known as Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (Born on April 26, 121, in Rome – Died On March 17, 180, in Vindobona or Sirmio) was emperor of the Roman Empire from the year 161 to the year his death in 180. And his mother’s name was Domitia Calvilla.. About Marcus Aurelius Life : Hadrian also arranged for Antoninus to adopt Marcus Aurelius and the son of his earlier successor. It appears that the senate had initially planned to offer the rule of the empire to Marcus alone, but in accordance with a respect for the former emperor Hadrian’s wishes, Marcus refused power unless Lucius was given an equal share. Much of their success in this conflict has been attributed to the generals working under Verus, especially Avidius Cassius. All who were present pitied him, and some cried out in their grief, unable to control themselves. As Roman emperor, Nero’s reign was lavish and tyrannical. Stoic Six Pack - Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, Golden Sayings, Fragments and Discourses of … 616 Words3 Pages. For the first eight years, he When Marcus was an old man, exhausted not only by age but also by labors and cares, he suffered a serious illness while visiting the Pannonians. Marcus Aurelius. On this day, the 17th of March in AD 180, the sixteenth emperor of Rome, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, died at Sirmium in the province of Pannonia (modern day Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia). Two millennia earlier, before the very notion of a universe even existed, the Roman emperor and Stoic philosopher Marcus Aurelius (April 26, 121–March 17, 180) provided uncommonly lucid consolation for this most disquieting paradox of existence in his Meditations (public library | free ebook) — the timeless trove of ancient wisdom that gave us his advice on … As the Parthian War ended, the two rulers had to face another military conflict with German tribes in the late 160s. While once again battling the German tribes, Aurelius made his son Commodus his co-ruler in 177. When he recalled such spectacles of despotism as these, he was apprehensive and anticipated evil events. Antigonus had imitated Dionysus in every way, even wearing a crown of ivy instead of the Macedonian hat or the diadem, and carrying the thyrsus instead of a scepter. Video: Poppy and I Review Little Stoics Children’s Books, Free Meditations Made Simple Audiobook Chapter, The Delphic Maxims and Philosophy of Apollo. Roman Emperor, 161-180 AD. Life and Works. Here is my son, whom you yourselves have educated, approaching the prime of youth and, as it were, in need of pilots for the stormy seas ahead. Marcus Aurelius was succeeded by Commodus. You'll receive weekly emails with my commentary on passages from Epictetus. In 161, Aurelius took control of the Roman Empire along with his brother Verus. Marcus Aurelius' death is often held to have been the end of the Pax Romana and the beginning of the decline of the Roman Empire. Aurelius held his territory, but was weakened as a ruler after the death of his brother Verus. Growing up, Aurelius was a dedicated student, learning Latin and Greek. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! This forced Aurelius to travel to the East to regain control. His downfall came during the Franco-Prussian War, when his efforts to defeat Otto Von Bismarck ended in his capture. Philosophy of Death According to Marcus Aurelius Essay. Based on his Stoic beliefs, the work is filled with his notes on life. Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius was born on April 26, 121, in Rome, Italy. Marcus Aurelius died on 17th March 180 AD. Marcus Aurelius was a Roman emperor who ruled from 161 CE until his death in 180 CE. In the 160s, they battled with the Parthian empire for control over lands in the East. Like all great philosophers Marcus Aurelius the noblest of the Emperors of Rome also pondered death. Marcus Aurelius, however, is not best remembered for the wars he waged, but for his contemplative nature and his rule driven by reason. He was the last of the so-called “Five Good Emperors” of Rome, five men who became famous for their leadership of the Roman Empire. 180 Born Marcus Annius Catilius Severus April 26, 121 Rome Died March 17, 180 (at age 58) Vindobona or Sirmium Royal House Antonine Marcus Aurelius (121-180) reigned as Roman Emperor between 161 and his death, 19 years later. In 178 AD, Aurelius defeated the Germanic tribes on the Danube and died two years later in 180 AD. Gaius Caesar, known as Caligula, succeeded Tiberius and served as Roman emperor from 37 to 41 A.D. Napoleon III, the nephew of Napoleon I, was emperor of France from 1852 to 1870. He was 58 years old and had ruled for exactly nineteen years and ten days. Troubled by these thoughts, Marcus summoned his friends and kinsmen. There are many factors that Marcus must take into account when he is pondering about death. While some sources indicate that Antoninus selected him as his only successor, Aurelius insisted that his adopted brother served as his co-ruler. Along with his burgeoning career, Aurelius seemed to have a contented personal life. He ruled alongside his son Commodus who would be that bad of an emperor that many people regard him as responsible for starting Rome’s long decline into madness. War and disease threatened Rome on all sides. 8, 161 – Mar. “You boarded, you set sail, you’ve made the passage. Together they had many children, though some did not live for long. Marcus Aurelius: Debts and Lessons — Marcus Aurelius, in book one of Debts and Lessons, explores the lessons he learned from those closest to him. If it’s for another life, well, there’s nowhere without gods on that side either. Antonio Vivaldi was a 17th and 18th century composer who’s become one of the most renowned figures in European classical music. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus was born in April 26, 121 AD, to a prominent family. Marcus Aurelius' book Meditations gives a clear and concise view of what death is and how man should cope with it. It is natural for men to pity the sufferings of their fellow men, and the misfortunes that occur before their very eyes arouse even greater compassion. You, therefore, together take my place as his father, looking after him and giving him wise counsel. German tribes crossed the Danube River and attacked a Roman city. Placing his son beside him and raising himself up a little on his couch, he began to speak to them as follows: “That you are distressed to see me in this condition is hardly surprising. What stands in the way becomes the way.” ~ Marcus Aurelius There is death on a physical plane of existence and there is death on a supernatural plane of … 1. Marcus Aurelius on Death and the Cessation of Being. Verus died in 169 so Aurelius pushed on alone, attempting to drive away the Germans. In 140, Aurelius became consul, or leader of the senate—a post he would hold two more times in his lifetime. His father, Marcus Annius Verus III was a politician and a nobleman. Despite the shared adoption of Marcus and Lucius, the political realities upon the death of Antoninus Pius in AD 161 were quite different. An assassination ended his reign on the Ides of March. When Marcus was an old man, exhausted not only by age but also by labors and cares, he suffered a serious illness while visiting the Pannonians. Unlike the peaceful and prosperous rule of Antoninus, the joint reign of the two brothers was marked by war and disease. He suspected that, contemptuous of his son’s youth, they would launch an assault upon him; for the barbarian is ever eager to revolt on any pretext. Died: 17 March 180 AD. Lucius joined Marcus in his campaign against invading German tribes along the Danube, but after the death of Marcus (March 180) he quickly came to terms with the Germans. His brother was Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus (usually referred to as Verus). Then, too, the Germans on the border gave him much cause for anxiety. He worked alongside his adopted father while learning the ways of government and public affairs. Only in this way can you make my memory immortal.”. Famous Marcus Aurelius quotes on Life, Death and Love: You might be having an idea that Marcus Aurelius, who was none other than the Roman emperor, was born around 121 AD. Between 170-180 CE, Marcus Aurelius campaigned against the Germanic tribes and toured the eastern provinces of his empire. This learned man was disturbed also by the memory of those who had become sole rulers in their youth. Success! The Life Lessons of a Roman Emperor — Marcus teaches us some important life lessons surrounding … Marcus Garvey was a proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, inspiring the Nation of Islam and the Rastafarian movement. And so Marcus Aurelius called a council of his soldiers and made a rather extraordinary announcement. In 175, he faced another challenge—this time for his very position. Life changed drastically for Marcus Aurelius, and Rome in 161 when Antoninus Pius died, leaving Marcus effectively as the new Emperor. She died in the witer of 175 AD. The Sicilian despot Dionysus, in his excessive licentiousness, had sought out new pleasures and paid the highest prices for them. There was an error submitting your subscription. Unsubscribe at any time. Returning soldiers brought some type of disease back with them to Rome, which lingered for years and wiped out a portion of the population. His mother, Domitia Lucilla was a noblewoman, heiress to one of the largest brickwork factory in Rome. Together they fought the northern enemies of the empire. Marcus Aurelius is generally regarded as the last of the “5 Good Emperors”. And they never rebel unless they are driven to it by violence and arrogance.