So, for example, when you're talking about the power of a king, you might say "the crown," instead. 1. As literary devices, they are similar but distinct from each other. There must be meaning to the part as it relates to the whole in order for the reader to understand. Synecdoche is a helpful device for writers to express a word or idea in a different way by using an aspect of that word or idea. Here are some examples of synecdoche and the way it adds to the significance of well-known literary works: t was the kind of voice that the ear follows up and down, as if each speech is an arrangement of notes that will never be played again. In a metonymy, on the other hand, the word we use to describe another thing is closely linked to that particular thing, but is not a part of it. However, a crown is neither part of the royal person, nor is the royal person part of the crown. target_type:'mix' What is synecdoche? He made me love him without looking at me. Here are some examples of synecdoche that may be found in everyday expression: Fictional characters often feature synecdoche in their names to indicate an aspect or part of them that signifies their nature as a whole. Metonymy, Synecdoche, Metaphor, and Metalepsis. Feet that need to rest and to dance; backs that need support; shoulders that need arms, strong arms I’m telling you. A. It is derived from the Ancient Greek phrases synekdochē and ekdechesthai, which means “to sense” and “to understand.” The “whole” of Daisy is hidden by the “parts” she reveals on the surface. Whether or not authors use synecdoche intentionally, any connection between previously unassociated concepts creates new cognitive links. In this excerpt from Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre, Jane talks about “the germs of love.” The germs here refer to the early stages of love, and Brontë continues this metaphorical usage saying that the germs return “green and strong.”, “About Gatsby! Definition of Synecdoche Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that refers to a part of something is substituted to stand in for the whole, or vice versa. In it, Baby Suggs is preaching to her people about the value of their lives. No, I haven’t. She does so by referring to the parts of the their bodies as having needs of their own. As … However, by using this literary device, Fitzgerald conveys to the reader one of the central themes in the novel. ... literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Is by a forgèd process of my death Of course, Denmark does not have a “whole ear.” Figuratively, the former King is referring to the lie that people in the kingdom have heard about his death. This is flesh I’m talking about here. _taboola.push({ A substitution of one term for another. Its meaning is meant to be taken figuratively, not literally. When people refer to their car as their "wheels… Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to signify the whole, or vice-versa. Close relatives of metonymy are synecdoche and metaphors. synecdoche synonyms, synecdoche pronunciation, synecdoche translation, English dictionary definition of synecdoche. However, in metonymy, the word used to describe a thing is closely linked to that particular thing, but is not necessarily a part of it. Metonymy, on the other hand, can refer to the substitution of a term that is connected in any way to the original concept. Along with metonymy, metaphor, and irony, synecdoche displays and creates new connections in the way that humans understand concepts. container:'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', Synecdoche is a rhetorical trope and a type of figurative speech similar to metonymy—a figure of speech that uses a term that denotes one thing to refer to a related thing. a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for a whole or a whole for a part, as in 50 head of cattle for 50 cows, or the army for a soldier Derived forms of synecdoche synecdochic (ˌsɪnɛkˈdɒkɪk) or synecdochical, adjective synecdochically, adverb Word Origin for synecdoche Therefore, this can enhance the meaning and understanding of an entity for the reader when synecdoche is properly used. Synecdoche and metonymy are also considered forms of metaphor in that all three literary devices involve a substitution of one term for another that requires a conceptual link. Synecdoche can also be used to reference a whole to a part as well as the other way around. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. In synecdoche, a part of something is used to refer to the whole entity, or a whole entity is used to refer to part of something. 3. Here is a list of some of these examples: Some literary theorists have posited that synecdoche is not merely ornamental, but instead one of the chief ways to describe and discover truths via literature. Writers can also utilize synecdoche to enhance description and create imagery for the reader. Definition: Metonymy is a scary word for a not-so-scary concept. Synecdoche is used in poetry and prose consistently. Synecdoche is a specific type of metonymy that occurs when a whole object or idea is referred to by the name of one of its smaller parts. It should not be confused with metonymy which uses something closely related to the actual thing it references. Summary – Metonymy vs Synecdoche. I had not intended to love him; the reader knows I had wrought hard to extirpate from my soul the germs of love there detected; and now, at the first renewed view of him, they spontaneously arrived, green and strong! Synecdoche can sometimes be described as a form of personification in the cases when it substitutes a human element for a non-human organization, such as referring to a weapon falling into “the wrong hands.” In this case, the human element of “hands” stands in for an opposing group. It is used commonly within the English language. Synecdoche, as a figure of speech, must indicate a relationship in which a part signifies the whole of an entity. Define synecdoche. The serpent that did sting thy father’s life In fact, it’s derived from the Greek word synekdoche: “simultaneous meaning.” As a literary device, synecdoche allows for a smaller component of something to stand in for the larger whole, in a rhetorical manner. I enjoyed the counter-raid so thoroughly that I came back restless. While they resemble one another to some extent, they are not the same. "Heart" can be used to mean "love," or "grave" to mean "death." Although these two literary devices are similar to each other, they are not the same. These names can be meant in a genuine or ironic way. Here are some examples: Think you haven’t heard of any famous synecdoche? Synecdoche refers to the whole of a thing by the name of any one of its parts. Here's how to pronounce metonymy: meh-tahn-uh-mee . Here is an illustrative example of the difference between synecdoche and metonymy: Both synecdoche and metonymy emphasize relationships between words and ideas. Synecdoche is a figure of speech where part of something is used to represent the whole thing. Learn more. As a result, this literary device allows writers to express ideas in unique ways to create deeper meaning for their readers. For example, calling a car “a wheel” is a synecdoche, as a part of a car – the “wheel” – stands for the whole car. For example, the phrase “all hands on deck” is a demand for all of the crew to help, yet the word “hands”—just a part of the crew—stands in for the whole crew. This is effective for readers in that synecdoche allows them to think of an object or idea in a different way, in terms of the representation of its parts. The ear signifies the whole person whose attention and focus is captivated by the sound of Daisy’s voice. It's just a type of metaphor in which an object is used to describe something that's closely related to it. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, Dickinson utilizes synecdoche to begin her second, Difference Between Synecdoche and Metonymy, The Brain (Alan from children’s television series “Arthur”), Fang (Hagrid’s dog from “Harry Potter” series), Red (Ellis Boyd Redding from “The Shawshank Redemption”), Hot Lips (Margaret Houlihan from “M*A*S*H”), Stickers (nickname for Lightning McQueen in “Cars”), “I have a mountain of work to do.” This is an example of. Synecdoche is a figure of speech that occurs in literature when an object is called according to one characteristic feature, singled out as the main one for designating a given object. The “hand” in this example of synecdoche is the part that signifies the whole person receiving the marriage proposal, and reflects the symbolic placement of a wedding ring. 3. It can also be used in the opposite way, using a whole to describe one element. Rankly abused. ‘Tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, Synecdoche refers to a thing by the name of one of its parts. Synecdoche uses a part to name the whole object and vice versa. So the next time someone says to you, "All hands on deck," tell them thanks for the synecdoche, but you think it's best that your whole body goes on deck, too. synecdoche definition: 1. a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to refer to the whole of it, for example…. A synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something represents the whole. C. Both GHOST: Now, Hamlet, hear. Delayed Teutonic migration If your parents buy you a car and you say that you just got a new set of wheels, you're using synecdoche — you're using the wheels, which are part of a car, to refer to the whole car. We can come across examples of metonymy both from literature and in everyday life. Synecdoche is a type of figurative language. Reference: 1. Rather, the speaker is using synecdoche: allowing a part (hands) to represent the whole (a crew member in the ship).A synecdoche (pronounced si-nek-duh-kee) is a Synecdoche is a device used in many idioms, colloquial expressions, and slang terms. And Breaths were gathering firm Synecdoche, figure of speech in which a part represents the whole, as in the expression “hired hands” for workmen or, less commonly, the whole represents a part, as … While synecdoche has many other definitions in its role of metonymy, this is the one we feel to be its most common application in biblical interpretation. Below are some examples from … Metonymy is also a figure of speech in which one word is used to replace another. With his father’s murder, Hamlet is the true king of Denmark, and using his “ear” to listen to the Ghost’s story is a symbolic way of delivering the truth to the kingdom as well. Mark Antony’s famous quote from Julius Caesar also uses this synecdoche: “Friends, countrymen, lend me your ears.”. Synecdoche is an effective literary device in terms of substituting part of something as a representation of its whole. Choose the best synecdoche definition from the following statements: In this excerpt from Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet, the ghost of Hamlet’s father implies that he was killed by Claudius instead of being stung by a snake. Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a whole is represented by a part of it.. Synecdoche is different from metonymy.In synechdoche, the part that is used to represent the whole is actually a part of the whole.With metonymy, the thing that is used to represent the whole is not a part of the whole. For that last Onset – when the King Learn more. “Oxford, New Mexico,” snorted Tom contemptuously, “or something like that.”, (The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald). They serve to establish connections for readers as a means of developing greater understanding of concepts and expression through language. Generations of writers have used synecdoche in both poetry and prose. Synecdoche (pronounced si-nek-duh-kee) is derived from the greek word synekdoche defined as “simultaneous meaning.” The contemporary English definition of synecdoche is: a literary device where a word for a small component of something can stand in rhetorically for the larger whole, or vice versa. In short, synecdoche is a type of figurative language which uses a part to refer to the whole of something. A. We explore the similarities and differences between the two in more detail below. Synecdoche is a literary device that replaces the part for the whole. In addition, this synecdoche represents a part and the whole Hamlet himself. However, in metonymy, the words are closely linked rather than one word being a smaller part of the whole word or idea that it represents. The synecdoche example in this excerpt is the usage of the word “ear.” The ghost refers to “the whole ear of Denmark.” This means that the whole population of Denmark has heard a particular story about his death. Therefore, like synecdoche, her character is both represented by her parts and responded to by others through their parts, such as the ear. Baby Suggs refers to the needs of the “flesh,” “feet,” “backs,” and “shoulders.” Though it may seem that breaking the people down into their parts would dehumanize them, instead the sermon shows just how human they are. Synecdoche refers to the practice of using a part of something to stand in for the whole thing. What is Synecdoche. ‘Tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, A serpent stung me; so the whole ear of Denmark. The character Tom Buchanan is suspicious that Jay Gatsby could possibly be an “Oxford man,” thinking him to not contain these qualities. A substitution of one related term for another. In this famous short poem by Emily Dickinson, the second stanza contains an example of synecdoche. While a synecdoche takes an element of a word or phrase and uses it to refer to the whole, a metonymy replaces the word or phrase entirely with a related concept. Definition: A synecdoche is a literary devices that uses a part of something to refer to the whole or vice versa. Such figures of speech can emphasize the way that a part of something represents the whole. As a literary device, synecdoche is a means for writers to avoid overusing words or phrases and creating an artistic form of expression. 2. Synecdoche Examples in a Sentence First of all, there are many types of synecdoche: Synecdoche can work in the opposite direction as well, in which the larger whole stands in for a smaller component of something. Synecdoche examples are often misidentified as metonymy (another literary device). In this case, Nick means the ear in a rhetorical manner, since there isn’t an actual ear that is literally following the “up and down” of the voice. For example, the wheels are one part of a car. Yet, these characteristics are simply parts of her. Uses of synecdoche. For example, the phrase “all hands on deck” is a demand for all of the crew to help, yet the word “hands”—just a … window._taboola=window._taboola||[]; The word synecdoche comes from the Ancient Greek word synekdoche, which means “simultaneous understanding.”. D. Neither. placement:'Right Rail Thumbnails', Shakespeare utilizes synecdoche in his phrase “the whole ear of Denmark” to emphasize the implications of Claudius’s treachery and the impact on the kingdom. These lines from Toni Morrison’s Beloved come from a sermon by the character Baby Suggs. In this excerpt from The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald uses the synecdoche of being an “Oxford man.” An Oxford man is a man who has attended the legendary English university. In metonymy, a word that is associated with something is used to refer to it (as when crown is used to mean "king" or "queen"). Synecdoche is a figure of speech. One common form of synecdoche uses a body part (hand, heart, head, eyes, etc.) Related Words: Metaphor, Metonymy, Figurative Language, Figure of … Flesh that needs to be loved. Overall, as a literary device, synecdoche functions as a means of expressing a “whole” entity or idea in a rhetorical way by utilizing a part of it. }); Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that refers to a part of something is substituted to stand in for the whole, or vice versa. The Eyes around – had wrung them dry – The speaker in the poem is at the point of death, and in the second stanza makes note of “The Eyes around.” The eyes in this case refer to the audience that has gathered by the speaker’s deathbed. to stand in for an entire person. In other words, a writer cannot just choose any part of something and create synecdoche. “An Oxford man!” He was incredulous. B. Synecdoche Metonymy in literature often substitutes a concrete image for an abstract concept. This allows for variation of expression and produces an effect for the reader. Metonymy Pronunciation. In truth, some synecdoche are a form of metonymy. Here’s a quick and simple definition: Some additional key details about synecdoche: 1. For example, using “the crown” to refer to a member of royalty is metonymy because the concept of the crown is related to royalty. Metonymy is a figure of speechthat replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated. Indeed, synecdoche is considered by some a type of metonymy. Similar to another literary device- the dysphemism, a negative substitute of a word, synecdoches are used to allow phrases to flow evenly with one another. Be witnessed – in the Room –, (“I heard a Fly buzz – when I died –” by Emily Dickinson). For example, a common synecdoche for proposing marriage is to ask for a person’s “hand.” This is a figure of speech in the sense that asking for someone’s hand is for effect, not intended literally. “And you found he was an Oxford man,” said Jordan helpfully. It can be used in many idioms and slang terms in order to make speaking more simple and short. So the whole ear of Denmark By exploring the usage of synecdoche in literature, we are able to better understand the human mind. Synecdoche allows writers to vary and enhance their expression. The literary term synecdoche-- confusing a part for a whole -- is helpful in understanding how late twentieth-century Americans constructed an image of youth in crisis, as shocking episodes reinforced an impression that childhood was disintegrating. A. Metonymy A serpent stung me. C. A substitution of a term that is part of a whole for the whole, or vice versa. This is not the only time that Shakespeare used “ear” to refer to a greater group of people. When the captain of a ship calls, “All hands on deck!” certainly no hands can be seen running across the ship. Synecdoche is a common literary device, often used in writing as a means of describing things in a richer, more complex way. The definition of synecdoche requires the substituted term to be either a part of the whole or a whole standing in for a part. I said I’d been making a small investigation of his past.” For example, referring to a car as “my wheels” is synecdoche, because the wheels are just one part that represents the entire car. B. Counter-raid Consider the following excerpt from The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald: I graduated from New Haven in 1915, just a quarter of a century after my father, and a little later I participated in that delayed Teutonic migration known as the Great War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. Synecdoche is a subset of metonymy. Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which you use a part of something to stand for the whole thing. This is an effective literary device, in that the “ear of Denmark” signifies that the population has collectively heard, and therefore believes, the false story. In fact, some consider synecdoche to be a type of metonymy. B. How to say synecdoche. Instead of being the warm centre of the world, the Middle West now seemed like the ragged edge of the universe—so I decided to go East and learn the bond business. For example, calling a car “wheels” is a synecdoche because a part of the car, its “wheels,” stands for the whole car. Learn more about synecdoche in our complete guide here. Examples: "Boots" meaning soldiers "America" for the United States "Number 10" for the Office of the Prime Minister; These three examples, and most other cases, use the part for the whole. He wears a pink suit.” C. Bond business, Ask for her hand—refers to asking a woman to marry, The White House—can refer to statements made by individuals within the United States government. Synecdoche is a noun that refers to a way of describing something by using just one of its parts. It's easy to confuse synecdoche and metonymy because they both use a word or phrase to represent something else (some even consider synecdoche a type of metonymy). Fitzgerald incorporates synecdoche in Nick’s description with “the ear” that follows the sound of Daisy’s speech. A couch for luxury and damnèd incest. Synecdoche Definition Synecdoche (sih-NECK-duh-key) is a figure of speech where part of something stands in for the whole thing (like using wheels to refer to a car) or, less frequently, when a whole thing stands in for part of it (society used to reference high society). Daisy holds several characters “captive” in the novel through her charm and beauty. It uses a part for the whole thing, or the whole for one of its parts. Let's use our example relating to the car again. While metonymy replaces a concept or object entirely with a related term, synecdochetakes an element of the object and uses it to refer to the whole, and metaphor uses unlike things to draw an interesting comparison. Start studying Synecdoche and Metonymy. Examples. “Nevertheless he’s an Oxford man.” How to pronounce synecdoche. But know, thou noble youth, Oxford stands in for much meaning, including a certain level of class, wealth, and learning that is necessary to be an elite member of society. Let not the royal bed of Denmark be For synecdoche to be effective, both as microcosm and macrocosm, the reader must be able to connect the significance of the smaller part to the larger whole. Synecdoche refers to a literary device in which a part of something is substituted for the whole (as hired hand for "worker"), or less commonly, a whole represents a part (as when society denotes "high society"). A synecdoche, which is pronounced as si-nek-duh-kee, is a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whole. Rankly abused: but know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy father’s life. All Rights Reserved. mode:'thumbnails-rr', 2. It is somewhat rhetorical in nature, where the entire object is represented by way of a fraction of it or a fraction of the object is symbolized by the whole. This affirms the importance of the community to which she is preaching and the individuals that make it up. Here are some well-known and recognizable examples of this figure of speech: Synecdoche and metonymy are often confused. It’s important that writers understand the distinction between the two basic categories of synecdoche: Here are some ways that writers benefit from incorporating synecdoche into their work: When writers incorporate synecdoche into their work, it is a useful literary device for creating connections for the reader. There are many common expressions that are examples of synecdoche. Is the following excerpt from Shakespeare’s Hamlet an example of synecdoche or of metonymy? Synecdoche (pronounced: sin-NECK-doc-key) has the following definition: a figure of speech in which a part or parts is/are used to communicate the whole. In this quote from Fitzgerald’s novel, the narrator, Nick Carraway, is describing the allure of Daisy’s voice. Now wears his crown. “Like hell he is! Which of the following terms acts as an example of synecdoche for the Great War? Their bodies are not just for work, but instead for love, rest, dance, and support. In this scene, the Ghost of Hamlet’s father is lamenting his death at the hand of his brother Claudius and the resulting consequences. The fundamental difference between metonymy and synecdoche is that synecdoche refers to a thing by the name of one of its part while metonymy refers to a thing by something else closely connected to it. On the nightstand (under the pillow, in … The speaker doesn’t refer to the people themselves, but instead to their eyes—which are now dry from having exhausted their tears—and breaths.