In Southeast Asia, Vietnam is the best example. South Africa is a classic example of a perforated state, which surrounds Lesotho. Indonesia Perforated: A state completely surrounded by another state. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved, Estallido social en Chile: discursos de Piñera bajo la lupa de la inteligencia artificial, 20 subway stations and more than 15 buses set aflame, catch jaywalkers, develop Chinese miitary intelligence. To study the feelings reflected in Pinera’s presidential speeches, Mansilla and Manríquez referred to Robert Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions – a model of emotional intelligence discipline that defines eight basic emotions – fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, hope, joy and acceptance. why are perforated states bad. Argentina and Chile extended their border down south to previously-unclaimed Patagonia in 1881 roughly along the crest of the Andes; Chile conquered the Atacama Desert in the north from Bolivia and Peru in the War of the Pacific around the same time. Defense and transportation can be more difficult in an elongated state. An elongated state is one that is very long and thin, often limited by terrain such as mountains or oceans. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory was a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from Spain.The country's economic development was successively marked by the export of first agricultural produce, then saltpeter and … With its 17,363,894 people, Chile is the 64th largest country in the world by population. Feeding transcript of subtitles from videos of Piñera’s speeches posted on YouTube into an artificial intelligence system developed from mathematical algorithms and computer science models specialized in feeling analysis, they studied the presidential messages from Friday Oct. 18, Saturday Oct. 19 , Sunday Oct. 20 and Tuesday Oct. 22. April 14, 2008 at 10:53 am. An elongated state is state with a long and narrow shape. Belgium is an example because of the cultural division between Flanders and Wallonia. Also elongated states are close to water like Chile, Italy, and Vietnam. Example: Chile. Chile Fragmented: A state the includes several pieces of territory, usually islands. Governing such a country is difficult. Elongated – An elongated shaped state is long and narrow. Notice one is spelled Chile and the other chili. Then, he announced a series of short-term measures to combat inequality. After a month of sometimes deadly demonstrations against inequality, Chile may be making its way toward peace. This bellicose message triggered a powerful citizen reaction. “This study allows us to understand the position of the president and the attitude he takes in different situations, without having to listen to each speech,” adds Mansilla, CEO and founder of Krino. Fragmented State. info)), is a country in western South America.It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. On a continent where dense forests, rivers and mountains isolate many countries from one another like islands, Chile has historically been a peripheral nation.It has no choice but to rely on markets outside the continent for much of its export revenue. For example, they are difficult to defend. But using an AI system to analyze the otherwise indecipherable emotions behind official speeches is a novel technique, the Chilean researchers say. Fragmented State. An elongated or attenuated state is much longer in one direction than the other. The aim, says Manríquez, who is also a data scientist at the digital data processing company Krino, was to understand “how different phrases from different speeches were interrelated.”. why are elongated states bad. These, in turn, combine to develop various more advanced emotions. Other examples of elongated states are Italy and Gambia. chile is pronounced like child without the d. it’s sometimes used when someone does something questionable sort of like “wtf” nicki minaj popularized it when someone commented on her big boobs on instagram live. Disadvantages-Elongated states suffer from internal communication, because the 2 ends of the state are very far apart. Myanmar has existed in one form or another for thousands of years, for example, but the country's shape has made it an easy target for many other nations and people, dating to the Nanzhao kingdom in the mid-800s to the Khmer and Mongol empires. There are a ton of elongated states. Chile is as narrow as it is because of the Andes Mountains, which separate it from Argentina. That's why the country is only 110 miles (177 km) across, on average. Offshore Islands. The obvious example is Chile in South America. There is an assumption in your question. Fragmented State. In his Oct. 20 speech, however, when Chile’s president declared, “We are at war,” just 23.7% of his words had a positive connotation. Why Does South Africa Have Three Capital Cities? Chile isn’t called that because the country’s shape is long and could look like a chili pepper. Related Questions. For example, New Mexican-type green chile is peeled, then canned or frozen, and is packed whole or diced. Hey Joseph, Great webpage. Elongated States States that are significantly longer than they are wide ex: Chile ex: Vietnam 7. I just sent it out to all of my … Denmark and the Philippines are also archipelagic countries separated by water. ], Alexis Javier Apablaza Campos, Profesor asociado Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Artes, Ciencias y Comunicación UNIACC. Lesotho Panama and Chile are elongated states. The territory of Chile has been populated since at least 3000 BC. A compact state has a minimum frontier to defend, and generally roads and railways are relatively simple to provide. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. That day, President Piñera announced that he would suspend the rise in transit fares. they depend intierly on the ones that surround it. What Countries Have the Most and Fewest Neighbors? Chile's geography makes it inherently vulnerable to the boom-and-bust cycle that has characterized so many Latin American economies. That speech – coupled with a WhatsApp audio recording of Piñera’s wife describing the scene in Chile as an “alien invasion” – suggest that Chile’s leadership had the wrong analysis of the crisis gripping the country. On that day, which ended with 20 subway stations and more than 15 buses set aflame across the capital, President Sebastián Piñera made his first crisis-time speech to the Chilean people: He decreed a state of emergency in Santiago. The second group lives in Wallonia, a region in the south, and consists of the Walloons who speak French. The country Chile is not, I repeat, NOT named after a chili pepper. M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. she said “um chile... anyways” and people have started using it as a meme, however, it’s been around and used in the black community for years Norway and Chile are examples of elongated states. Which States Are Split Into Two Time Zones? A coalition of parties from across the political spectrum says it will support a constitutional referendum next year to decide whether and how Chile’s 1980 Constitution should be changed in response to protester demands. Myanmar has existed in one form or another for thousands of years, for example, but the country's shape has made it an easy target for many other nations and people, dating to the Nanzhao kingdom in the mid-800s to the Khmer and Mongol empires. A country's boundaries, as well as the shape of the land it encompasses, can present problems or help to unify the nation. A protruded, or panhandle country such as Myanmar (Burma) or Thailand has an extended arm of territory. Q. Elongated states (or countries, same thing) are states with a very long and narrow body. Ex. “It is an opportunity, through interviews and unstructured verbal surveys, to know how the person feels about a specific topic, identifying their emotions and tone of voice,” says Claudio Manríquez. chile. [ Expertise in your inbox. The surrounded nation of Lesotho can only be reached by going through South Africa. Nation-state, a territorially bounded sovereign polity—i.e., a state—that is ruled in the name of a community of citizens who identify themselves as a nation. The morphology of most countries can be divided into five main categories: compact, fragmented, elongated, perforated, and protruded. South America - South America - Precious metals and gemstones: Despite the fact that South America was Europe’s treasure trove for gold and silver from the 1530s through the late 1700s, in the early 21st century the region contributes only a small percentage to the world’s production of these precious metals. As you might expect, the Philippines has been attacked, invaded, and occupied numerous times over the centuries due to its fragmented shape, starting in 1521 when Ferdinand Magellan claimed the islands for Spain. Most chiles are grown under contract and sold to processors. Read the original article. Ex. a state (country) that has a long narrow shape like Chile, ... Add a Comment. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Administrative Divisions Within Nations Around the World. A compact state with a circular shape is the easiest to manage. What Does It Mean When a Country Is Developed or Developing? Fragmented State. Perforated states completely encompass another state. Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter – in Spanish or English – and get a digest of academic takes on today’s news, every day. The country in South America with the most exaggerated example of an elongated state is Chile. The Philippines: Geography and Fact Sheet, A List of Current Communist Countries in the World, Geography of the Countries Bordering China. Nations such as Indonesia, which is composed of more than 13,000 islands, are known as fragmented or archipelagic states because they are composed of archipelagos. Several different and distinct processors operate in New Mexico, depending on the type of chile handled. That night, in a press conference at a military base, Piñera made what would be come to be notorious statement: “We are at war against a powerful enemy,” he said. b. Ex. Why it’s Always Chile in Norway ... elongated to the extreme. Elongated State. Vietnam is also an elongated state, which has battled numerous attempts by other countries to divide it, such as the 20-year Vietnam War, where first French and then U.S. forces tried unsuccessfully to keep the southern part of the nation separated from the north. Though it's not a nation, you can get an idea of how hard it would be to defend a protruded country if you picture the state of Oklahoma, which has a prominent panhandle. Red chile is usually harv… Elongated: A state with a long and narrow shape. look at it more as an elongated - and an exacerbation of - the original first wave,' said Dr Fauci of the current state of the pandemic in the U.S. during a Yahoo Finance All Markets Summit. Chile protests: President’s speeches early in crisis missed the mark, AI study reveals. Comments. an example of elongated state. Elongated states have poor communication because the region is so long. Chile wasn't quite as long originally, though it always had sort of the same shape. Planet Observer / UIG / Universal Images Group / Getty Images. The legitimacy of a nation-state’s rule over a territory and over the population inhabiting it stems from the right of a core national group within the state (which may include all or only some of its citizens) to self-determination. Expertise in your inbox. Chile has had a steady economy and an idea about what they want to do as a country economically. ). 3. AI systems have been used to catch jaywalkers, develop Chinese miitary intelligence, continuously improve cybersecurity and train machines to replace human workers. Over the next week, Piñera would make a series of speeches aimed – unsuccessfully, it turns out – at quelling the crisis. Perhaps AI analysis of his emotions and feelings can help Piñera better lead the recovery. It is the 38th largest country in the world by area with 756,102 square kilometers. Chile’s Armed Forces took to the streets to try to restore order and to prevent – during certain hours – free movement through the streets. Also a region located far from the capital gets isolated which is a problem. On Tuesday, Oct. 22, the Chilean president made his fourth speech in as many days. But there are other smaller ones like Malawi, Gambia, and even Italy Fragmented state: I would give Azerbaijan, Malaysia, and the United States (b/c of Alaska) as the three most obvious non-island examples. Even Russia, Canada, and the US could probably be considered elongated states due to their sheer width. Manríquez and Mansilla see studies like theirs, which allow the processing and interpretation of a speech without needing to watch it completely, as an boon for political communication. First, he apologized to the country for his previous speech. However, an elongated state encompasses a variety of landscapes. Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook. Elongated states are long and narrow, which can make the extreme ends feel isolated and hard to get resources to. Read more: Estallido social en Chile: discursos de Piñera bajo la lupa de la inteligencia artificial. What country in South America is the most exaggerated example of an elongated state? Vatican City and San Marino—both independent countries—are surrounded by Italy. An elongated state has a long and linear shape, along with extremities being located from the central core area. Chile’s protest movement, which killed about 23 people, according to the attorney general’s office, began on Oct. 18, 2019 with mass fare evasions on the Santiago Metro after an increase of 30 Chilean pesos – about US$0.04 – on the price of rush hour tickets. State of Emergency: Why Chile Is Facing a Crisis by Alexis Javier Apablaza Campos After a month of sometimes deadly demonstrations against inequality, Chile … Chiles (Capsicum annuum) have been grown in New Mexico for at least four centuries. Italy is an elongated state because of how lengthy it is. The government long ago divided the country into these two regions, giving each control over its cultural, linguistic, and educational matters. what are perforated states. Can have separation by water. On Oct. 20, the first protest-related deaths were reported in Chile, and human rights organizations began to denounce abuse of authority. An elongated or attenuated nation such as Chile makes for difficult governance of peripheral areas in the north and south, which are from the central capital of Santiago. Javier Mansilla and Claudio Manríquez, industrial civil engineers at Chile’s Universidad del Bío-Bío, conducted an analysis of Piñera’s speeches during the first week of the Chilean crisis. If the two nations are hostile, access to the surrounded nation can be difficult. Ancient Peruvians gave themselves elongated skulls as a mark of status. If a government has to draw 10 districts in a State that is 60% white, 30% black, and 10% hispanic, it can easily dilute the minority votes by _____ them among multiple districts, ensuring the white population holds the majority in each district. Belgium's population is divided into two distinct groups: The Flemings, the larger of the two, live in the northern region—called Flanders—and speak Flemish, a language closely related to Dutch. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. The best example is Chile. Can have separation by an intervening state. From east to west, Chile on average is just 150 miles (240 km) wide, which is the distance from London to … Benifits of a Porupted state: The poruption on the state can help it have access to more resorces (such as oil, coal, water, diamonds, e.t.c. Fragmented State. a state that completely surrounds another. Like an elongated state, the panhandle complicates the management of the country. Chile, Cuba, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Italy, Argentina, Vietnam, New Zealand, Laos, Somalia, Mozambique, Panama, Morocco, Japan, Indonesia (sort of). ... State civil employee candidates wearing face masks and shields take a test in Surabaya. The AI-based emotions analysis also allowed the researchers to distinguish words with positive connotation - such as “rights” and “freedoms” - from those with negative connotation, such as “war” and “violence.”. Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter – in Spanish or English – and get a digest of academic takes on today’s news, every day. Chile’s official name is La República de Chile, or Republic of Chile. Universidad de Artes, Ciencias y Comunicación UNIACC. Also Argentina, Vietnam, Panama, Norway, Italy, Malawi, maybe even Mexico. peter says. “It is no longer necessary to look in the mirror to know what emotions we’re transmitting,” Mansilla says, adding that the technology could also allow people to “make quick decisions, such as knowing if I should invest in the stock market, according to the feelings detected in a presidential speech.”. This type of state also has many disadvantages. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Still, the violence continued. Like an elongated state, the panhandle complicates the management of the country. Elongated state: Chile is the most obvious one. Demonstrations, looting and fires occurred in various cities after the transit uprising in Santiago, resulting in curfews being declared across the country on Oct. 19. Italy is also a perforated state. This negative response, coupled with protester demands to combat Chile’s extreme inequality, forced Piñera to radically change his tone. They found that Piñera’s words expressed more optimism when he asked for forgiveness and announced measures to combat inequality, in his fourth speech, but demonstrated a significant degree of fear in his first speech, declaring the state of emergency. Across Chile, people took to the streets and social media in peacful protest, declaring “#noestamosenguerra” – #wearenotatwar. Read on to learn how the configurations of nation-states have impacted their destinies. Hinders communication. Several discontinuous pieces of territory. Despite this division, Belgium's compact form has helped to keep the country together despite numerous European wars and attacks by neighboring countries.
Scottish Traditions Wedding, God Of War - Alfheim Legendary Chest, Benner's Model Of Novice To Expert, Mount Cook Village Directions, Casual Fonts In Microsoft Word, Does Musa Basjoo Fruit, Basic Electrical Engineering Hand Written Notes, Arctic Animals Affected By Climate Change,